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    The company has developed many kinds of infrared glass that permitting transmission of near-infrared light, mid-infrared light, far-infrared light at various bands.

   

 

    Where, the transmission band, refractive index of near-infrared and mid-infrared glass is 370nm~6.7μm, 1.52~1.99 respectively. Their glass systems include silicate system, germinate system, calcium aluminate system, lead germinate system, lead niobate system, etc. They are mainly applied to airborne infrared pods, vehicle mounted infrared detection(Observe, aim), and infrared fairing, infrared window of other near-infrared, mid-infrared instruments. At present time, the company owns mid-infrared IRG1XX series and far-infrared IRG2XX series, etc.

   

   

    Far-infrared glass is mainly applied to infrared detectors and devices at 8~14μm, and can be processed to far-infrared optical condenser lens with aspheric surface, components of prism group with spherical surface, glass windows. It can also be used as substrate material of external semiconductor GaAs, GaN or InGaN.

   

1)Product parameters of mid-inrared materials          

No.

Type

υd

nd

ρ(g/cm3)

Transmission band(μm)

1

IRG101

47.8

1.6553

3.20

0.5~5.0

2

IRG102

44.8

1.6817

3.10

0.5~5.5

3

IRG103

24.6

1.8637

5.30

0.5~6.0

4

IRG104

45.9

1.6656

3.40

0.5~6.5

5

IRG105

25.6

1.9526

5.03

0.5~6.5

 

2)Product parameters of far-inrared materials

 

  No.

  Type

  Compostion

υ10.6

n10600

Tg (℃)

ρ(g/cm3

Transmission band(μm)

1

IRG201

Ge33Se55As12

95.6

2.4955

362

4.42

0.8~15

2

IRG202

Ge22Se58As20

104.4

2.4925

282

4.41

0.8~15

3

IRG203

Ge20Se65Sb15

34.8

2.5843

266

4.71

0.6~17

4

IRG204

135.0

2.7658

167

4.72

0.8~19

5

IRG205

Ge28Se60Sb12

93.7

2.6030

285

4.68

0.5~17

6

IRG206

Se60As40

145.6

2.7759

180

4.63

0.8~17

7

ZnSe

ZnSe

49.4

2.4029

5.26

0.5~21

 

 

1 Classification and designation of infrared optical glass

1.1 Principle of classification

    Products are classified to mid-IR and far-IR optical glass according to the transmittance wavebands. 

1.2 Designation methods of glass types

IRG203 refers to infrared optical glass which has transmittance at far-IR waveband and the sequence number of it is 03.

 

2 Optical properties 

2.1 Infrared refractive index nλ

    Infrared refractive index refers to the velocity of infrared light in the air as compared to that in the medium by the municipality. Deflection angle method is adopted to measure the incident angle i, refraction angle φ and vertex angle A. According to formula (1), we can obtain refractive index nλ of wavelength λ, and the measuring accuracy is ±1×10-4.

    In the spectral range of 1.5~16μm, the refractive indices not listed in the handbook can be calculated by the Herzberger formula (2):

Where:

        A, B, C, D, E, FCalculating constants.

2.2 Infrared dispersion coefficient 

    Infrared dispersion means the deviations of refractive index at different infrared wavelengths. In this handbook, the infrared dispersion coefficients  υ4 and υ10.6,of two air windows 3μm-5μm and 8μm-12.5μm are given. υ4 and υ10.6 can be calculated by equation (3):

Where:

υ4—Infrared dispersion coefficient (3 ~ 5μm);

υ10.6—Infrared dispersion coefficient (8 ~ 12.5μm);

nλ(λ=3,4,5,8,10.6,12.5)—Infrared refractive index at specific wavelengths (μm).

2.3 Calculating constants of nabs. 

    The refractive indices given in the glass handbook in general are all relative values at 22℃, but refractive indices in other temperatures are always requested by many optic designers. The absolute refractive indices of glass regards to wavelengths and temperatures which are not listed in the handbook can be calculated by the following equation (4).

Where:

△nabs —The difference of absolute indices;

n(λ,T0) —Relative index at the reference temperature;

T0—Reference temperature(22 ℃);

T —Targeted temperature (℃);

ΔT—Temperature difference T-T0 (℃);

λ—Vacuum wavelength ( μm);

D0, D1, D2, E0, E1and λTK—Constants depending on glass types.

The applied temperature range: –40℃~+80℃;

The applied wavelength range: 1μm~14μm.

2.4 Infrared transmittance  τ

Infrared transmittance is measured by Fourier transformation methods. Process the signals collected by detector through computer, we can obtain the infrared absorption spectrogram of which the light intensity changes with frequency.

3 Dielectric constant

Measure dielectric constant according to the recommended methods for capacitivity and dielectric loss factor of electro-insulating material at power frequency, audio frequency and high frequency (including meter wavelength) in GB/T 1409-2006.

4 Others 

In this handbook, chemical stabilities, thermal properties, mechanical properties and density are measured by the corresponding testing methods of colorless optical glass.

5 Main quality definition 

5.1 Allowable tolerances of refractive index and dispersion coefficient 

The differences between refractive index, dispersion coefficient of each batch products and the standard values are generally in the following tolerance ranges:

Refractive index nλ±3×10-4   υ10.6: ±0.8%

5.2 Striae 

Striae of infrared optical glass are inspected by the methods specified in GB/T 32561.2. The gray scale of shadow images and its area taking of the observable image are adopted for quantitative expression, and striae are classified into 4 grades as shown in table 1.

  Table 1

级别

条纹可见度

A

No obvious striae shadow.

B

Fine and scattering striae shadow exists in side and the diameter is not greater than 1mm

C

Fine striae exists in side and the diameter is between 1mm and 2mm

D

Thick striae exists in side but not intensive and the diameter is not less than 2mm

5.3 Impurities 

    Impurities in optical glass are inspected by the method specified in GB/T 52361.3. Impurity content is established by specifying the total cross sectional area (in mm2) of impurities (diameter Φimpurity≥0.1 mm) in 100 cm3 glass volume. The impurity grades are classified into 5 grades as shown in table 2. The cross sectional area of oblate impurity is obtained by the average value of the longest axis and shortest axis as the diameter.

  Table 2

Grade

0

1

2

3

4

Total cross sectional area  

Smm2

S0.05

0.05≤S0.2

0.2≤S0.4

0.4≤S0.6

0.6≤S1.2

 

6 Forms of supply 

6.1 Pressing blanks 

    Blanks of various shapes (plain film, concave-convex part, etc.) are formed by reheated-press process. We can provide products with diameters ofΦ7mm~Φ200mm stably.

6.2 Infrared lens 

6.2.1 Cold working lens 

    Cold working lens refer to spherical, aspheric lens after coarse grinding, fine grinding, polishing or single point diamond turning. We can provide lens with diameters of Φ5mm~Φ160mm according to customers’ requirements.

6.2.2 Precision molding lens 

    Precision molding lens refer to the products which are obtained by molding process. We can provide precision molding lens with diameters of Φ5mm~Φ25mm according to customers’ requirements.

6.3 Infrared lens 

    Lens with focal length of 3.5mm, 6.5mm, 10mm, 13mm, 15mm, 19mm, 25mm, 35mm, 45mm, 50mm and standard lens of other sizes are now available. Please contact the salesman for specific parameters. We can also design and manufacture other sizes according to customers’ requirements.

6.4 Others 

    If you have any special requirement on our products, please contact the salesman.

 

 

Address:No.67,Changhong North Road , Xiangyang, Hubei. Tel:86-0710-3349999
Hubei New Huaguang Information Materials Co., Ltd.